ENHANCING THE ECONOMIC ROLE OF THE MOSQUE THROUGH EMPOWERMENT A Case Study in Yogyakarta City

Rizqi Anfanni Fahmi

Abstract


A large number of Muslim population in Indonesia is also suitable for a large number of mosques. Mosque in the history of Islamic civilization is a means to perform da’wah and development of economic resources of Muslims. Using descriptive qualitative methods, this study aims to examine how the economic role of the mosque can be improved through community empowerment program in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. From the result, it may be concluded that mosque has a strategic position to empower congregation. For enhancing the economic role through empowerment, there are at least six steps. Firstly, planning process including agreement among the administrator, looking for fund source, and also looking for the partner. Secondly, socialization to the congregation, opened, closed, or limited. Thirdly, selecting the beneficiaries. Fourthly, the empowering process including lending a soft loan, establish cooperative, or marketing intervention. Fifthly, mentoring both economic and spiritual progress of the beneficiaries. The last process is evaluating the program periodically. The success indicators of this program are the performance of returning loans and the improving intensity of the congregation prayer.

Keywords


Mosque, Empowerment, Economic Empowerment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adnan, M. A. (2013). An Investigation of the Financial Management Practices of the Mosques In The Special Region of Yogyakarta Province , Indonesia. In Sharia Economics Conference (pp. 118–130). Hannover: Leibniz Universität Hannover.

Adnan, M. A., & Ajija, S. R. (2015). The Effectiveness Of Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil In Reducing Poverty: The Case Of Indonesian Islamic Microfinance Institution. Humanomics, 31(2), 160–182. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/H-03-2012-0003

Amalia, E., & Atiqah, M. (2015). Evaluating the Models of Sharia Microfinance in Indonesia : An Analytical Network Process ( ANP ) Approach. Al-Iqtishad Journal of Islamic Economics, VII(1), 13–30. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15408/ijies.v7i1.1355

Ardiansyah, H., & Nafik, M. (2014). Efektivitas Memberdayakan Ekonomi pada Program Komunitas Usaha Mikro Muamalat Berbasis Masjid di Masjid Miftahul Jannah Surabaya. Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori Dan Terapan, 1(9), 647–660. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/vol1iss20149pp%25p

Auliyah, R. (2014). Studi Fenomenologi Peranan Manajemen Masjid At-Taqwa dalam Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Bangkalan. Jurnal Studi Manajemen, 8(1), 74–91.

Bahari, C. A. B., & Shihabbuddin, A. (2016). Exploration of the Role of Mosques in Community Development: Malaysian Experience. In 3rd International Conference on Arabic Studies and Islamic Civilization (Vol. 2016, pp. 36–44). Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor.

Basid, A. (2009). Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Umat Berbasis Masjid ( Pengalaman BMT Masjid Nurul Jannah Petrokimia Gresik ). Al-Qānūn, 12(1), 205–229.

Bureau of Governance of Regional Secretary of Yogyakarta. (2017). Jumlah Penduduk Kota Yogyakarta Menurut Agama Semester II 2016. Retrieved August 13, 2017, from http://www.kependudukan.jogjaprov.go.id/olah.php?module=statistik&periode=6&jenisdata=penduduk&berdasarkan=agama∝=34&kab=71&kec=

Central Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Penduduk Menurut Wilayah dan Agama yang Dianut. Retrieved January 12, 2015, from http://www.bps.go.id/

Collins, H. (2011). The Mosque as a Political , Economic , and Social Institution 622 – Present (No. 282). Syracuse: Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects. Retrieved from http://surface.syr.edu/honors_capstone

Dahlan, A. R. bin A., Zakaria, I. M. binti, Azizan, N. T. N. binti M., &

Abdullah, N. I. binti. (2015). Transformation of Masjid : Empowerment of Muslims Economy through E-Halal One Stop Centre ( E-HOSC ). International Journal of Management and Commerce Innovations, 3(1), 113–121.

Dalmeri. (2014). Revitalisasi Fungsi Masjid sebagai Pusat Ekonomi dan Dakwah. Walisongo, 22(November), 321–350. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21580/ws.2014.22.2.269

Dhaoui, E., & Elwardi, D. (2015). The role of Islamic Microfinance in Poverty Alleviation: Lessons from Bangladesh Experience (No. 63665). Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Munich. Retrieved from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/63665/

Dodo. (2016). Kemenag Beri Penghargaan Masjid Percontohan Tingkat Nasional. Retrieved August 13, 2017, from https://kemenag.go.id/berita/read/435350/kemenag-beri-penghargaan-masjid---percontohan-tingkat-nasional

Erziaty, R. (2015). Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Potensial Masjid Sebagai Model Pengentasan Kemiskinan. Al-Iqtishadiyah, 2(2), 82–98. Retrieved from http://ojs.uniska.ac.id/index.php/IQT/article/download/377/336

Fauzia, A. (2013). Faith and the State: A History of Islamic Philanthropy in Indonesia. Leiden: Brill’s Southeast Asian Library.

Hassan, A. (2014). The challenge in poverty alleviation: Role of Islamic microfinance and social capital. Humanomics, 30(1). https://doi.org/10.1108/H-10-2013-0068

Hassan, A. (2015). Financial Inclusion Of The Poor: From Microcredit To Islamic Microfinancial Services. Humanomics Journal of Financial Economic Policy Iss Humanomics Iss International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 31(3), 354–371. https://doi.org/10.1108/H-07-2014-0051

Hossain, M. I. (2013). Analysis on Poverty Alleviation by Mosque Based Zakat Administration in Bangladesh: An empirical study. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development, 1(2013), 1–6.

Jahar, A. S. (2016). Marketing Islam Through Zakat Institutions in Indonesia. Studia Islamika, 22(3), 405–442. https://doi.org/10.15408/sdi.v22i3.2353

Ministry of Religious Affairs. (2014). Data Masjid Se-Kota Yogyakarta Tahun 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://kemenag.go.id/file/file/InfoPenting/oqse 1379129591.pdf

Mufidah. (2016). Revitalization of Mosque Role and Function Through Development of “ Posdaya ” in the View of Structuration Theory. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(12), 43–51. Retrieved from http://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/RHSS/article/download/31454/32294

Muhammad, O. B. (1996). The Role of the Mosque. London: Al-Muhajiroun Publications.

Mukherjee, A. K. (2014). Microfinance and credit to the ultra poor. International Journal of Social Economics, 41(10), 975–993. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-03-2013-0064

Muslim, A., Karsidi, R., Wijaya, M., & Joebagio, H. (2014). A Mosque-Based Economic Empowerment Model for Urban Poor Community. Development, 2(2), 80–93. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijssr.v2i2.5472

Novianto, H. R., & Nafik, M. (2014). Mengapa Masyarakat Memilih Menunaikan Zakat di Masjid Dibandingkan Dengan Lembaga Zakat? (Studi Kasus pada Masyarakat desa Kramat Jegu Kecamatan Taman Kabupaten

Sidoarjo) Henry. Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori Dan Terapan, 1(3), 221–236. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/vol1iss20143pp%25p

Porter, M. E., & Kramer, M. R. (1999). Philanthropy’ s New Agenda: Creating Value. Harvard Business Review, 77(November-December), 121–130.

Purwata, H. (2016). Masjid Jadi Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Warga (2-habis). Retrieved January 14, 2015, from http://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/islam-nusantara/14/10/30/ne87nj-masjid-jadi-pemberdayaan-ekonomi-warga-2habis

Razak, A. A., Hussin, M. Y. M., Muhammad, F., & Mahjom, N. (2014). Economic Significance of Mosque Institution in Perak State , Malaysia.

Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies, 7(7), 98–109. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2433/185834

Repubilka. (2014). DMI Bentuk Tim Survei Masjid. Retrieved January 12, 2015, from http://www.republika.co.id/ berita/koran/khazanah-koran/14/10/01/ncrd0i33-dmi-bentuk-tim-survei-masjid

Rifa’i, B., & Fakhruroji, M. (2005). Manajemen Masjid: Mengoptimalkan Fungsi Sosial Ekonomi Masjid. (A. Saepullah, Ed.) (Bandung). Benang Merah Press.

Riwajanti, N. I. (2013). Islamic Microfinance as an Alternative for Poverty Alleviation : A Survey. Afro Eurasian Studies, 2(1&2), 254–271.

Rozalinda. (2015). The Economic Empowerment of the Ummah on the Basis of Productive Waqf in West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Nusantara Islam, 3(1), 33–46. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15575/ijni.v3i1.314

Rusyana, A. Y. (2014). Islam and Economic Development: Exploring the Role of Indonesian Muslim Society in Developing Islamic Microfinance Institution. International Journal of Nusantara Islam, 2(1), 83–94. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15575/ijni.v2i1.50

Said, M. M., & Mahmuddin. (2015). Mosque-Based Empowerment of the Muamalat Micro Business Community in Indonesia. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 9(31), 464–476. Retrieved from http://ajbasweb.com/old/ajbas/2015/September/464-476.pdf

Setianto, & Widiastuti, T. (2015). Analisis Pemberdayaan Sosial Ekonomi di Masjid At-Taqwa. Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori Dan Terapan, 2(10), 867–880.

Soemitra, A. (2014). People Empowerment Strategies Through The Mosques: Case Study Of Masjid Al-Jihad Brayan Medan. Ibda’: Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam, 12(1), 1–12.

Wahid, H., Kader, R. A., & Ahmad, S. (2011). Localization of Zakat Distribution and The Role of Mosque: Perceptions of Amil and Zakat Recipents in Malaysia. International Zakat Forum 2011, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29103/e-mabis.v19i1.278

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.